Every year, 371 million people suffer from diabetes, says the International Diabetes Federation. And most surprisingly, more than half of them do not even know that they have diabetes.
Diabetes, if left untreated, can lead to heart attack, stroke, visual impairment, kidney damage, nerves damage, and even death. Which is why it is necessary to have a proper diagnosis at the earliest.
Here are some of the most common symptoms that will help you find out if you have diabetes.
- Urinating more than usual with intense thirst
- Feeling tired and hungry
- Itchy skin with mouth dryness
- Sores or cuts that take more time to heal
- Numbness or pain in legs and feet
- Blurred vision
Do not be panic if you happen to have any of the above-mentioned symptoms because sometimes these symptoms can also be an indication of any common ailments. So, for better diagnosis consult with your physician at the earliest.
Living with diabetes can be easy only if you know how to keep your blood sugar level well-controlled. Make sure to remember the word TRACK whenever it comes to diabetes management.
Take the medications as prescribed by the doctor
Taking medications is the key to stay healthy if you have diabetes. Diabetes can get worse over time. So, it is important to take the medicines as suggested by the doctor.
If you are in a stage in which your body does not produce enough insulin then your doctor might have prescribed your insulin shot. Always remember to take your insulin shot regularly. Never skip your insulin shot even if you are sick. Your doctor will guide you through the procedure of drawing up insulin in the needle and giving yourself shot. Besides, they will also show you the best places on your body to give yourself shot. Make sure to use your own needle and never share them with others.
Reach and maintain a healthy weight
Reaching and maintaining a healthy weight is crucial when it comes to diabetes management. Most people, when diagnosed with diabetes, are found obese. And that extra fat in their body causes insulin resistance. Therefore, losing those extra pounds will make them less insulin resistance.
Experts suggest that incorporating healthy diet is the key to maintain a healthy weight. And only a registered dietician can customize the best weight management plan for you. So, see a dietician and work together with her in order to achieve your goals.
Exercise is another important factor that goes hand-in-hand with diet. A regular workout is foremost to maintain a healthy weight. But if you don’t prefer to hit the gym then make sure to adopt any physical activity that pumps up your blood and raise your heart bits. Your physician knows you the best, so never neglect to consult the one before starting up with any workout plan.
Remember a realistic goal set by an expert will help you reach an ideal weight.
Add More Physical Activity to Your Daily Routine
To make physical activity part of daily life is essential to stay healthy with diabetes. Your insulin resistance goes down with physical activity says, doctors. A regular physical exercise helps maintain normal blood glucose which is high in diabetic patients. Besides, adding physical activity to your daily routine can help you avoid long-term complications like heart disease and amputation.
Remember, people with diabetes are more prone to develop atherosclerosis which leads to heart attack. Exercise makes your heart stronger and helps you maintain a good cholesterol level.
If you are leading a sedentary lifestyle then it would not be easy for you to adopt an exercise regime. But making small changes into your lifestyle will change your mindset eventually.
Never miss a chance to move more. If you are a kind of person who needs to sit in front of the computer the whole day then stand up and stretch back every few hours or switch to a standing desk if possible.
Need to ask your colleague for lunch? Well, walk to her or his workstation instead of shooting mail. Park your car a few blocks away from the market and take a walk. Take stairs instead of the elevator.
In order to add exercise to your daily life, you need not become a fitness buff . Committing to a workout plan and sticking to it will suffice at the beginning stage. You can even start with only 15 minutes of workout and with every passing day, you can add a little bit more.
Control your ABCs which is A1C, Blood Pressure & Cholesterol level
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes then it is the time to control you ABCs.
A for A1C: A1C is a type of blood test that shows your last three months’ average blood sugar level. A person with diabetes should aim to reach below 7% A1C.
B for blood pressure: Maintaining your blood pressure below 140/90 is as important as lowering your blood sugar. People with high blood pressure are most likely to develop kidney disease, heart attack, and stroke.
C for cholesterol: High cholesterol can also lead to heart attack, stroke and so many other diseases. Maintaining LDL level, which is called bad cholesterol, below the level of 100, will help you beat diabetes.
According to a recent study, people with diabetes are more prone to develop heart disease, kidney disease, and neuropathy. Most of these deadly diseases can be avoided if you keep your ABCs under control.
Kick the smoking habits
Smoking causes diabetes. And smokers are 30-40% more likely to develop diabetes than nonsmokers. It is difficult to control diabetes for those who have a regular smoking habit.
Whatever the type of diabetes you might have, smoking can damage your system severely. Here is a list of complications that a diabetes patient with smoking habit may develop:
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Retinopathy, a disease that causes complete blindness
- Insufficient blood flow to legs and feet leading to infection, ulcer even amputation
- Complete damage of nerves of arms and legs leading to peripheral neuropathy
Quitting smoking not only aids with your diabetes management but also improve your overall health. And you would be benefitted right away. Besides, quitting smoking also reduces your chances of developing diabetes by manyfold.